Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Marlowe’s Presentation of the Gothic Protagonist Dr....

In Christopher Marlowe’s ‘Dr. Faustus’, Faustus is presented as the Gothic protagonist. Typical features of a Gothic protagonist include things such as: being ambitious, have an inability to make decision and they are typically easily persuaded amongst others. Marlow does present Faustus as someone with these features; however Faustus does not have all of the features of the ideal gothic protagonist. Faustus is an ambitious character. In the first Chorus he is compared to Icarus as â€Å"his waxen wings did mount above his reach†, much like in the story of Icarus whose waxen wings melted when he believed he could fly away from Crete and reach the sun due to his high ambition. This also shows that Faustus is self-conceited because he believes†¦show more content†¦For example, he wishes to â€Å"make swift Rhine circle fair Wittenberg† and â€Å"make the moon drop from her sphere†. This is typical of the Gothic protagonist because they typically wish to achieve that of the impossible, and something that only God would be able to do, which traditionally leads to their downfall. However, although Faustus possesses great ambition, he lacks the sympathetic characteristic of Gothic protagonists. This is because he â€Å"despairs in God† and turns to â€Å"trust in Beelzebub†. This would have been as shocking to an Elizabethan audience, the time in which the play was written, as the audience would have been part of a Protestant Christian community, and atheism would have been greatly frowned upon and atheists would have been scorned. To the modern day audience atheism is generally accepted by many people and has become more common, however turning to the devil can still be considered greatly shocking and as this is undoubtedly one of the centrifugal points of the play, Faustus will lack sympathy from the audience; even a modern one. A further characteristic that Faustus displays which would indeed be expected of a Gothic protagonist is that he is indeed of a profound nobility and high social status. This high nobility is also self-achieved as he was â€Å"born base of stock†. This high status gives him a high degree of self-conceit which is shown when he discusses how he wishes to cure all diseases, make man

Friday, May 15, 2020

More Prosperous Environment - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1344 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2019/05/07 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Modest Proposal Essay Did you like this example? It is bitter for me to think of those who sleep without a floor, but are thankful for the blanket they found on the side of the street, while others complain that the silk their butlers dressed their bed with is simply too inexpensive. One wakes up at the crack of dawn to pick apples for a farmer that only pays their mother five dollars a day. Another lays in bed on their brand new iPhone, waiting for their maid to make them breakfast. When the people of the United States bear witness to such great selfishness in the face of so much need, it creates an environment of anger and hurt. Why is it that those with the most contribute the least to society, and harm it in the greatest capacity? There are boys and girls in dirty clothes sitting on the sidewalk and begging for change as the top one percenters walk by carrying more in their wallet than the children will hold in their lives. This wealth divide is unnecessary and so incredibly harmful to those who have nothing, as their assets continue to be squandered and tucked away by those with too much to spend. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "More Prosperous Environment" essay for you Create order This is the reality of both ends of the wealth spectrum, with the top one percent making around $700,000 a year, and the bottom one percent earning anywhere from two to sixteen dollars a day, as shown by How Much Income Puts You in the Top 1%, 5%, 10%? written by Julia Kagan on Investopedia, and The Bottom 1% by Rebecca J. Rosen on The Atlantic. Those with nothing are forced to live a life undeniably distanced from the American Dream, while those with everything have the need for nothing but the want for more. While many countries have issues with wealth inequality, facts published on Inequality.org under Wealth Inequality in the United States reveal that The United States exhibits wider disparities of wealth between rich and poor than any other major developed nation. This gives even more reason for the focus to be on America, for if we can diminish the wealth gap here, it can be diminished everywhere. This issue of wealth inequality has been a focus of mine for nearly two decades, and after getting two doctorates from Harvard University, one in Wealth Inequality and another in The Study of the Spectrum, I feel prepared to involve myself with the solution. I have always been fascinated by this divide and eager to find a remedy, having been born into the bottom one percent and making my way into the top one percent by the age of 35, a sort of phenomena in the current day and age. I have experienced the entire spectrum, and I have seen the ramifications such great wealth or lack thereof has on people of all ages. I want to better the world, and I have prepared myself to do so concerning wealth inequality and its continuously widening gap. In an article published on Pew Research Center and entitled, Americas wealth gap between middle-income and upper-income families is widest on record Richard Fry and Rakesh Kochhar state that In 2013, the median wealth of the nations upper-income families ($639,400) was nearly seven times the median wealth of middle-income families ($96,500), the widest wealth gap seen in 30 years when the Federal Reserve began collecting these data. It is currently at an all time high, and this divide seems not to be lessening anytime soon. This is data for upper-income families as a whole, not just the top one percent, signifying the even greater gap between the one percent wings. Because those in the top one percent have so much and those in the bottom one percent have so little, the spectrum is stretched thinner than this report even demonstrates. The wealth gap in America is a pressing issue, and if not addressed and treated presently, its chance to be remedied may pass altogether. As a woman of great knowledge and power, please allow me to humbly propose my respectful plan to successfully minimize the wealth gap in the United States. I believe this is a problem easily fixed by shipping off the top and bottom one percent in terms of wealth. This immigration would occur in waves of one million, with a total of about 6.5 million residing in Africa by the completion of this mission. This would immediately shrink the wealth gap, for it is virtually cutting off both ends, but it would also allow for economic mobility and spread of wealth and resources. This is because 6.5 million people no longer need the resources that they once did, such as food, shelter, and money. The top one percent owns so much of Americas wealth, the entire population could reach a level of comfortable living if the wealth was distributed equally. Because Africas climate is changing so quickly and its population is drastically decreasing from fleeing citizens, there will be plenty of room for the new 6.5 million inhabitants that have no means of return and have lost all assets. I am in no means trying to adopt the persona of the infamous Polish leader, Anzelm Babinski. Whenever I think of him sending his top and bottom one percent to a giant fish tank filled with piranhas, I shriek in horror. A truly wicked man would have to come up with a plan as atrocious as that, and a truly wicked man Babinski is. His inhumanity seems too have come from a lack of education and care, both of which I have a bountiful supply. Let us move forward, as I begin to humbly explain why this plan would lessen wealth inequality in the United States. Firstly, the amount of homelessness would be all but eliminated on the streets of America. The distribution of wealth and newly available housing would allow for all to reside peacefully and work towards regaining their life, unless of course they prefer being homeless. Secondly, hunger would no longer plague the lower-income families, as the plentiful resources now available will be used to ensure that everyone is well fed and has enough nutrition to perform well in all tasks. Thirdly, the elimination of the wealthiest in our nation would leave room for new opportunities for those who may previously have never had the opportunity to make something of themselves. Jobs would be opened in abundance, and those that used to have to wait behind the people with the multi-thousand dollar watches would now have no line. Fourthly, this elimination of the top one percent would include Donald Trump, the current President of the United States who happens to have majored in Buffoonery. His absence would hurt none and benefit all, allowing the United States to regain its composure and act on matters that are truly important. While I could continue with the advantages my plan encompasses for hours, I will stop here for the sake of brevity. This is simply my proposal, but the remainder of my 1,000 page plan is being published shortly. I feel insulted when people offer suggestions for my plan, such as increasing savings for those with low and moderate incomes in America. They also suggest that the top 1 percent and especially the top 0.1 percent be taxed a higher amount, with that money given to those in the middle and lower class, for they are the people putting money back into the economy. These proposals could never work, and it is atrocious to even consider their ability to slowly heal the gap. As I write this I begin to reminisce on my times in America, for I have made my way to the top one percent, and will therefore be included in the immigration. Along with myself, my family continues to reside in the bottom one percent and will too be shipped off. My proposal is humble and selfless, for I have learned that the world does not improve through greed. I wish to make the world a better place, and through this plan it will finally become the American Dream that it has always been idealized as for everyone.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Bullying And The Community Is A Problem - 1500 Words

Bullying in the LBGT community is a problem. The cases where bullying leads to suicide is becoming a considerably growing issue with no sign of stopping. This is where schools can step in. There are a few bullying codes that state that bullying is unacceptable and if someone is accused of bullying, there are consequences that will be handed out but unfortunately, this code is not enforced. There is a misconception that liking the same sex is morally and ethically wrong and this is why bullying in the LBGT community is so common amongst the younger generation. Understanding different sexualities and enforcing anti-bullying rules are key to prevent bullying against LBGT members. Bullying that leads to suicide in the LBGT community Suicide. That word alone makes you pause for a moment. Bullying. This word on the other hand, does not convey the same emotion. The word bullying has a nonchalant tone that does not have the same impact on people the way suicide does. When bullying becomes the cause of a person’s suicide, the thought process behind bullying becomes a more serious matter. During adolescent years, you come across people who identify as a certain sexuality. In middle school and older, there are many students that consider themselves as LBGT, an immense of these students have been bullied to the point of contemplating suicide and even actually committing suicide. Being a member of the LBGT community should not be seen as a negative in this day and age. TheShow MoreRelatedBullying Is A Problem That Has Affected Our Community1379 Words   |  6 PagesBullying is a problem that has affected everyone in the community. People are finding it necessary to address the rising issue of bullying. The eff ects of bullying have been a developing issue in the home, schools, and the community. Some individuals have said it is just kids having fun. However, it is not fun for the individual on the receiving end of the bullying. The issue of bullying can become an annoyance for the individual being bullied and others around them. The people who are witnessRead MoreBullying Is A Real Problem1065 Words   |  5 PagesBullying In this paper I will be talking about how bullying is a real problem in our world and in our schools today. There are so many ways of bullying now a days. Now that there is new technology people can use cyberbullying because they can say whatever they want, but they don t have to say it too there faces. They can just go online and use their words to hurt people. people. Then, there is the old school bullying like you see in the movies. The victim that is getting bullied is two afraidRead MoreHealth Promotion Planning Project : Bullying Among Children And Adolescents1651 Words   |  7 PagesPLANNING PROJECT 1 Health Promotion Planning Project: Bullying among Children and Adolescents Jacqueline Valladares Western Kentucky University HEALTH PROMOTION PLANNING PROJECT 2 One of the many health problems affecting children or adolescents today is bullying. Children who experience bullying reported that they got bullied by their looks, body shape, and/or race (Bullying 2015). One out of every four students (22%) report being bullied duringRead MorePersuasive Essay Bullying1200 Words   |  5 Pages Bullying in Schools Dog. That was one of my nicknames in elementary school. Human dictionary was another. Usually intelligence is something to be celebrated, but when you pair that with being awkward and overweight, it was a recipe for disaster. I was bullied in school by a group of boys for years. They would attack me verbally, mentally and emotionally. If anyone tried to be my friend, or showed any interest in me, they would also becomeRead MoreTeenage Suicide On The Rise Essay1521 Words   |  7 Pagessolution than to end their life. It is estimated that, 42% of LGBT of youth have experienced bullying, and they are two to three times more likely to attempt suicide than other teens (BullyingStatistics.org, 2016). It’s very hard in this day and age to be young, and let alone to be young and identify as lesbian, gay, bi or transgender. In Los Angeles County, researchers estimate that 70.6% of teens have seen bullying occur in their schools, and 30% admit to doing it themselves (Juvonen, 2012). WhereasRead MoreBullying Is A Victim Of Bullying Essay841 Words   |  4 PagesBullying has been a major issue for years and in recent years, it has been getting progressively worse. According to StopBullying.gov, between 1 in 3 students in the US state have been a victim of bullying. I am currently interested in this topic because many of my clients are currently going through this. Bullying can affect just about anyone whether the person is getting bullied themselves, bullying others, or may have witnessed someone getting bullied (â€Å"Effects of Bullying,† n.d.). There is considerationRead MorePersuasive Essay On Cyber Bullying1453 Words   |  6 PagesTake a Stand Against Cyber-bullying Imagine someone you love and care about is being bullied and no one took a stand in defending or uplifting them. This horrific form of bullying takes place all around the nation through the use of cellphones, computers, and social media, that generates fear and doubt among individuals that do not have the confidence to speak up for themselves. School officials should take a stand for kids who are victims of cyber-bullying and for those who are too frightened toRead MoreCauses and Solution of Juvenile Delinquency in America Essay1726 Words   |  7 Pagesadults under the age of 18† (Khan).Juvenile delinquency can be caused by the influence gangs,bullying, and bad parenting. This topic caught my attention because there a lot of kids getting arrested each year for crimes committed and kids getting involved in gangs, also kids getting access to weapons,drugs, or getting bully by other people. However juvenile delinquency can be prevented by offering bullying prevention, violence prevention curriculums and mentoring programs. â€Å"If gangs are dealing drugsRead MoreBullying Is A Common Practice On School Grounds954 Words   |  4 Pages As a mother of two kids, bullying in schools is very important and personal subject to me. The problem is so extensive, lately it has been all over the media .According to research; bullying is when a person demonstrates an aggressive behavior and or constant toward another person. These behaviors are intended to hurt and intimidate the person physically, mentally and emotionally (stopbullying.gov 2015). Although many schools have been struggling to prevent bullying, data shows that is it a commonRead MoreBullying Is A Worldwide Problem894 Words   |  4 PagesBullying is a worldwide problem that has been going on for years whether in schools or online. Based off a power point by Laura Rizzardini, bullying is when someone â€Å"purposely causes harm†¦includes social exclusion, and the bully has more power than the victim.† There could many different logics to why bullies bully. Some reasons may include: it is a way to get attention, fit in with a certain group of people, or even that is the way they are treated at home so they do not know that it is not acceptable

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Atlantis Book Essay Example For Students

Atlantis Book Essay The book had four time periods in it. It started in the Cambodian jungles in theyear 800 A.D. Then it goes to the Bermuda Triangle in the year 1945. After that,we go ahead in time back to Cambodia in 1968. Finally, to the present, wheremost of the story takes place. Characters Protagonist: He is Eric Dane, anex-special ops during the Vietnam War. He has a special power where he canfeel certain things like upcoming danger and communicatingtelepathically. Antagonist: This is a mysterious green mist. It is located atthree main spots: the Bermuda Triangle, the Devils Sea in Japan, and in thejungles of Cambodia. Major Characters: Eric Dane, Forman, Flaherty, LawrenceFreed, Beastly, Sin Fen, Ariana Michelete, Paul Michelet, and Patricia Conners. Plot Describe the plot: A strange mist has been in the Cambodian jungles formany years and nobody knows what it is. All they know is if something goes in,it never comes out. In present day, a plane of a corporations wealthy ownergoes down, with his daughter onboard. He assembles a team led by the one manthat has made it out alive, Eric Dane, and they head into it. Meanwhile, themist is growing rapidly. They have to rescue the daughter and try to stop themist from expanding all over the world. Describe the plot in detail: The storystarts in the ancient city of Angkor Kol Ker. The water around the city hasevaporated because of a drought and everybody is evacuating because the mist iscoming. Fifty warriors have stayed behind but they dont last long. Then it goesto 1945. The US is setting up an experiment with the Bermuda Triangle and themist in the Cambodian jungles with a man named Forman in control. Something goeswrong and the plane in Cambodia and the submarine named the Scorpion in theTriangle disappear. Later, in 1968, Eric Dane leads a squad of commandos intoThe Cambodian jungles. They find the ruins of Angkor Kol Ker and the mist. Theytry to fight off the beings in the mist, but all, including the leader,Flahertly, is taken away except Dane. In the present, it starts off on the LadyGayle, the plane Michelete Technologies owns. The head person on it is ArianaMichelete, the company presidents daughter. They are over Cambodia scouting forpossible oil sites or diamond mines. The pilot sees a strange mist and suddenly,the plane goes out of control. They lose contact with headquarters in Californiaand presumed down. Patricia Conners is at her desk controlling a satellite whenshe gets a phone call telling her to go over southwest Asia and take pictures ofit with the satellite. She does so and looks at them. There is a big black spotin the middle of all the photos. Dane works with his dog, Chelsea, findingtrapped people in wrecked buildings. They have a kind of lin k betweenthemselves. Just then, Lawrence Freed, a man that works for Michelete Tech.,comes up to him and asks Dane to come with him to Calif. for another job. Atfirst, Dane doesnt want to go, but after awhile, he agrees. Once at theMichelete HQ, he talks with Freed, Paul Michelete, and professor Beastly, whowas an expert on ancient cultures. They explained to Dane that they needed himto go into the mist and bring back Ariana. After some discussion, he agreed. Meanwhile, Ariana and her crew were stirring inside the plane. All except thepilots and a crewman had made it. But the weird thing about it was the top ofthe cockpit was cut clean off and one of the pilots was gone. When they enteredit, one of the other crew was caught in a yellow beam of light and brought outof the plane and into the mist. One by one, the crew gets killed until onlyAriana and three others are left. At the same time, the group led by Micheletearrives at an airport in Cambodia. When they go to pick up their weapons, Danesenses an ambush. The others shrug it off and are startled when they do getambushed. After they fight off the attackers, they go to a plane waiting to dropthem off into the jungle. This is where they meet Sin Fen. She works for Foremanand explains to Dane his powers and how to use them. She can also communicatewith him telepathically. Patricia Conners is still trying to figure out what theblack spot is on all of the photos and why they are getting bigg er. She gets acall from the person she was supposed to send them to. Its Forman. She tells himthat if the spots grow like they are now, they will cover the earth within twodays. She talks him into using a different kind of satellite to look into it. .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 , .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 .postImageUrl , .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 , .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596:hover , .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596:visited , .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596:active { border:0!important; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596:active , .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596 .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8639eaf47afe5a94534cdb4e6eb02596:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Nutrition and You EssayWhile it is looking into the dark spot, it was suddenly destroyed withoutwarning. As Dane and his team dropped into Cambodia, Ariana and the otherswatched as one of the yellow beams tapped into the supercomputer onboard. Fromthe radios, they kept getting Morse code messages. The messages were saying togo to a specific place in the jungle. They decided to try it out. They wanted tostop this so they decided to blow the plane up. They took C4 and put it on thefuel tanks, lit the fuse, and ran out of the plane. By then, Danes group hadfound some ruins. They too were receiving Morse messages from an unknown source. Finally, he revealed his identity. He was Flahertly. He instructed them to thesame spot the other party was going. On the way, they found a bunch of bones. The hired help, a group of Canadians, saw this and said they would go nofurther. After arguing with them, Freed let them go their own way. They didntget too far before the creatures appeared and killed them. Describe the climaxin detail: Dane, Freed, and Beastly reached the point Flahertly told them to go,city of Angkor Kol Ker, just as Ariana and the one other surviving member of thecrew, Carpenter, did. All of a sudden, a black hole appeared in mid air andFlahertly came out, not looking a day older than when Dane had last seen him in1968. He told them about how there were two forces in the mist. One was tryingto come to earth and dominate it and the other that was trying to stop it. Atthe center of the city was a big structure with a giant yellow beam going outfrom the top. Flahertly said that they had to destroy that to stop the evilforce from invading. Just then Flahertly disappears into the black circle againand the team is left with the problem of how to destroy the structure. All of asudden, Sin Fen contacts Dane and tells him to use a satellite to destroy it. Conners is instructed to make a collision course with the middle of the blackspot by Foreman. After some protest, she does. As the satellite gets close, Danetakes over the controls with his mind and directs it to the structure. Itcollides and destroys it. Describe the conclusion in detail: After the structureis destroyed, the beam goes away and the mists all over the world begin toshrink. A black circle just like the one Flahertly came out of appeared by theteam. They all decided to jump in and were transported to a metal room. Therethey figured out that they were on the Scorpion. It had reappeared in theBermuda Triangle. After, they all met up with Foreman. He showed them some newpictures. They were of a large black sphere. Dane came to the conclusion thatthese got through the gates and were preparing to attack Earth again. Point ofView The point of view that the author used: Third-person point of view ThemeThe theme is that no matter how powerful man thinks he is, there are certain things that he cant understand and hope to control.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

The Ethics of Hacking

Introduction Modifying computer hardware and software with an objective other than the original purpose of the creator constitutes computer hacking. In computer networking, hacking also means manipulating network connections.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Ethics of Hacking specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Most computer hackers are self-taught, but they possess expert-level skills in a number of programming languages. Although a considerable number of hackers are driven by ulterior motives, many use their skills to solve problems. Some corporations hire hackers to join their technical staff. Their job is to find vulnerabilities in the company’s security system for patch-up before hackers with ulterior motives discover the flaws and exploit them (Computer Hacking, n.d.). Hacking skills can, therefore, be employed to prevent computer related crimes such as identity theft. Although hacking cam be used fo r good, the term is nowadays associated with malicious attacks on the web and other networks. Hackers use scripts which are used to manipulate data in a network connection to gain desired information. There are many ready scripts available online that can be used by inexperienced hackers. Experienced hackers can modify the scripts to come up with new methods of attacking network connections. While hacking can be wrong in many instances, it is still helpful. The big question is whether doing what can be considered wrong by parties such as corporations is still ethical when the very actions help other people, especially the consumers. History of hacking Early hackers as we understand them today can be traced to 1960s. They were primarily computer experts only interested in modifying programs to make them work better. In the majority of cases, the modifications developed by them were better than existing systems. UNIX operating system was a hack product by Dennis Ritchie and Keith Thom son (Computer Hacking and Ethics, n.d.).Advertising Looking for essay on computer science? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In 1970, a new type of hacker called â€Å"phreakers† emerged who targeted telephone systems exclusively. They exploited the switching network of the telephone system to make long distance calls for free. 1980s was the turning point in the history of hacking. Introduction of personal computers led to the increase in the number of hackers as well as hacker targets were widened. Use of modems expanded hackers reach to include a lot of people. During this time, hacker’s philosophy changed from benign exploration to the pursuit for personal gain. This emerging breed of hackers consisted of young people who were not satisfied with the old hacker philosophy of freedom and technology. Beginning 1990s, a new type of hackers, who were different from earlier hackers, emerged and was bent on using their knowledge to achieve criminal ends (The Ethics of Hacking | Jonathan Zdziarski’s Domain, n.d.). They were involved in acts such as pirating and distributing proprietary software, virus, games, etc. Hackers even formed online gangs whose mission was to stealing sensitive and other classified information. This new development led to passage of laws that related to hacking. One such law was passed in 1986. The law criminalized tampering with a computer with the intention to acquire other people’s personal information. Hacking and cracking To most people, what they know as hacking is in fact cracking. Cracking is used to describe attacks on a computer network for selfish or malicious goals. Hacking applies to network manipulation for useful purposes. The two terms are, however, used interchangeably by many people outside the world of academia.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Ethics of Hacking specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/pa ge Learn More Common hacking techniques Hackers exploit weaknesses in a system which includes the following: Poor configuration of web servers Poor security controls Bugs in software Default password Poor choice password Other than use of scripts in hackings, unauthorized access of computer remotely can be done using computer worms and denial of service (DoS) attacks (Computer Hacking and Ethics, n.d.). Poor configuration and security control enable hackers to connect using unsecured WAPs. Complexity of software systems makes it impossible for developers to predict or simulate how the software would behave if the source code was slightly modified. A gifted hacker can get interesting results by interfering with source code. Reasons for ethical hacking Hacking has in recent years become a big problem. Big corporations and government facilities have borne the brunt of these attacks. All these cases, the motive of attackers was to steal information for personal gain. Et hical hacking has developed as a method of defense against hacking. Ethical hackers are security specialists who use hacking skills to discover vulnerabilities for patching before they are exposed and exploited by unethical hackers (Mathew, 2003). Many big corporations, government facilities, and educational institutions hold important information which if compromised, would lead to either loss of money, reputation, or important security information. As a result, considering the stakes, organizations are willing to go the whole hog to protect their data. As more and more corporations adopt IT as an integral part of their operation, ethical hacking will become even more important (Computer Hacking and Ethics, n.d.). Besides, it is projected that cyber attacks will continue to increase in the near future. Corporations nowadays have to contend with scrutiny emanating from regulatory procedures and fear for scandals, such as the Enron debacle (Harper, 2011). As a result, protecting info rmation assets is considered important and most corporations take proactive steps to institute protective measures. Maintaining confidentiality is, therefore, of paramount importance.Advertising Looking for essay on computer science? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In a world where attacks can occur anytime, the skills of an ethical hacker can be very useful. The Ethics of hacking In the early years of telephony, companies such as ATT were making huge profits by overcharging consumers for calls and related equipments. Through legislation, if was, for instance, illegal to plug in an equipment not made by ATT. This gave the company monopoly and perpetuated its dominance into the market. Nowadays, it may not be possible for corporations to maintain huge profits through draconian laws. Abnormal profits can still be maintained through use of Digital Rights Management (DRM). Using DRM, companies can lock out features to stifle competition. Hacking such devices helps in accessing locked features and keep manufacturers in check. In 1960s, ATT used legislation to prevent third parties from plugging in equipment other than their own into the phone jacks. Had the company used technology instead, people would have, in all probability, hacked phone jacks t o allow third party connections. Looking back, such kind of hacking could have enabled people to make calls at a cheaper price, but back then, their actions could have been unacceptable to ATT, as they would be losing revenue. In such a scenario, the ethical question is this: between the hacker and the company overcharging consumers, who is wrong and who is right? The hacker would have helped customers from exploitation, but such actions appear immoral. The Digital Millennium Act allows consumers to: Unlock their phones Fix vulnerabilities Undertake technical research This has solved the ethical dilemma about whether hacking to solve a technical problem exposing the user to danger is morally right. The government allows corporations to lock devices but also to unlock as long as the intention is good. Companies normally lock mobile devices to a certain network and sell the same at subsidized cost. This way, companies sell more units and also earn revenues from service contracts. Et hical hacking is close to investigative journalism. An ethical hacker posses technical skills to alter the function of a system, but has the discipline to so for morally right reasons. This hacker does more than just seek for the truth; he also takes action to correct wrongs or vulnerabilities. The ethical challenge is to differentiate between theft of services and corporate greed. A good example of corporate greed is where a phone manufacturer may, for example, disable a function and later charge customers to reactivate it. Considering increase in corporate greed, ethics of hacking demands that limitations that the manufacturer of a device may impose be completely justified. If that is not the case, a hacker perhaps has the right to re-enable such features that were disabled with the intention of exploiting the customer. The important question a hacker has to consider before hacking is whether a corporation is gaining by providing certain functionality or by restricting it. If this question cannot be answered, it is impossible to determine who is stealing from whom. Hackers are important because what they do expose technical details that others can use to make similar or better products. In doing so, they are helping maintain healthy competition which capitalism depends to remain healthy. As earlier noted, hacking can of course help improve devices. When apple iphone was released in 2007, it was an instant hit on the market. The hacking community started to work on it to expand the functionality of the device so that third party applications can install and run. After a short period of time, hacker community developed a compiler and many applications to run on iphones. The ability of iphone to be modified to accept third party applications has boosted sales iphone further. Later developments by Apple to play catch-up with the application developer community have been belated. What hackers did with iphone helped consumers and led to development much free softw are. Apple also benefitted because sales of their phones increased. In the case of apple, the act of hacking benefitted all parties. Hackers using the first iphones released in 2007 were able to identify glaring security vulnerabilities and immediately fixed them. The company was able to develop future versions that were more secure compared to the first iphone released in 2007. Although hacking in the case of Iphone made everybody happy, the question still remains whether doing so was ethical. End-user-agreements forbid acts aimed at tampering with the software of the device the customer is purchasing. Going by that agreement, hacking is therefore unethical. However, a more pertinent question that also arises is who owns the device. Is it the owner of the phone or the buyer? The two types of hackers (White Black) Black-hat hackers gain authorized access to a system to either steal data or do other illegal acts. White-hat hackers, on the other hand, use their hacking skills usefull y (Himma, 2007). They find security loopholes so that they can be patched up before they can be exploited for evil purposes. Conclusion Hacking to steal information or deface websites in criminal. However, hacking has other useful purposes. Many hackers lack the skills to damage network systems in a major way. Engaging an ethical hacker can help seal holes to stop low level attacks. But hacking is more complex than that. It’s used to develop third party applications for phones such as iphones. Ethics of hacking concerns itself with hacking that apparently benefits consumers, but manufacturers do not seem to harm manufacturers. References Computer Hacking. (n.d.). College of Education at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Web. Computer Hacking and Ethics. (n.d.). Computer Science Division | EECS at UC Berkeley. Retrieved from https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~bh/hackers.html Harper, A. (2011). Gray hat hacking: the ethical hacker’s handbook (3rd ed.). New Y ork: McGraw-Hill. Himma, K. E. (2007). Internet security: hacking, counterhacking, and society. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Mathew, T. (2003). Ethical hacking: student courseware. S.l.: OSB Publisher. The Ethics of Hacking | Jonathan Zdziarski’s Domain. (n.d.). Jonathan Zdziarski’s Domain | Scientist and occasional hacker. Author and occasional theologian. I invent stuff and wail on bass guitar. Twitter: @JZdziarski. Retrieved from http://www.zdziarski.com/blog/?p=33 This essay on The Ethics of Hacking was written and submitted by user Haylee Michael to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Church in the Wild Analysis Essay Example

Church in the Wild Analysis Essay Example Church in the Wild Analysis Paper Church in the Wild Analysis Paper Essay Topic: Wild Jay Z no Church in the Wild With the release of their newest CD, Watch the Throne, many of Jay-Z and Kanye West’s most exclusive tracks have come under scrutiny. One particular song containing debatable yet obvious theological symbolism is â€Å"No Church in the Wild.† Citing and exclaiming their religious and social beliefs, as well as their activities in today’s society in this new song, Kanye West and Shawn Carter (Jay-Z) show deep symbolism of today’s culture, the influence of Plato and Socrates on them, as well as their controversial lifestyles. Also, containing a featured chorus by Frank Ocean and a bridge by The-Dream, these parts touch on the symbolism and influence of religion and love in many lives today. The Watch the Throne duo revealed their theological beliefs in this song in many ways typical of their style. The song starts off with Frank Ocean’s hook: â€Å"Human beings in a mob, What’s a mob to a king? What’s a king to a God? What’s a God to a non-believer who don’t believe in anything?† Each of these couplets have significance to one another and are all tied together. He starts off by saying that there are human beings in a mob. But what is one human being to a mob? It is insignificant by number, but numbers make up the masses. He then goes on to ask â€Å"What’s a mob to a king?† creating the question that asks: can a mob of people overcome a king or is a king too powerful? But what is a â€Å"king to a God?† Does a mortal king have as much power as an almighty spiritual God? The song begins to unfold when Frank Ocean sings, â€Å"What’s a God to a non-believer who don’t believe in anything?† Frank Ocean brings up an interesting question: if a God is almighty and powerful and has influence over itâ₠¬â„¢s followers, what does this God mean to a non-believer? A non-believer does not care about a God’s existence, so to this person, this God does not even exist or matter. God has just went from being the most powerful being in the universe to superstition. The hook is ended with and also begins the song with the line â€Å"Will he make it out alive, alright, alright, no church in the wild.† This line touches on the â€Å"non-believer† who doesn’t believe in a God and is, in a sense, in the wild. The non-believer has no one protecting him, including a God, so will he be safe in this world where there is no church and God protecting him? As Frank Ocean’s hook of the song endz, the song breaks down and Jay-Z’s verse begins. Jay-Z touches on some philosophical and religious topics throughout his verse. During the second line of his verse, he raps, â€Å"Lies on the lips of a priests, Thanksgiving disguised as a feast.† What if every priest, the messenger for God, whom was supposed to spread the truth, was just telling lies? The basic theme of the track is that you have to fight for yourself, as there is nobody else there to save you (no church in the wild). This is explored through the use of scripture and religious imagery. With the media, Internet, and other means of communication, it is hard to tell what information is true. Thanksgiving, the American holiday to celebrate America’s independence and God’ provisions for our nation, but is tabooed by the fact that we killed numerous Native Americans for our nation. In his sixth line, he states, â€Å"Drug dealer chic, I’m wondering if a thug’s prayers reach,† which is also a Tupac reference, and wonders whether or not a thug or criminal’s prayer is reached by God. From lines 7-9 (â€Å"Is Pious pious cause God.I know yall hear my sneaks†), Jay paraphrases â€Å"The Euthyphro Dilemma†: Do the gods love holy (pious) things because they are pious, or are those things that are pious made in this holy way because the gods love them? This comes back to Socrates and his questioning and wondering of why we do things for certain people or the gods to make them happy for no reasoning? Why do we want to make God happy? It is because we are told to make God happy through worship. Jays verse starts with him describing impurities in things that are supposed to be perfect (i.e. Tears on the mausoleum floor, blood stains on the Colosseum doors, lies on the lips of a priest etc.) He then insinuates that he, Jesus, and Kanye are a new Holy Trinity:Jesus was a carpenter, Yeezy he laid beats (Kanye built music like Jesus, a carpenter would build a house - this could also be a loose allusion to Kanyes song Jesus Walks). He’s setting the two of them up as Gods of Rap. Kanyes verse stays with the Trinity by rapping about a a threesome (we formed our own religion†). He then describes a girl who is a perfect apostle for him, with two tattoos that read, No Apologies and Love is Cursed by Monogamy.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Christmas carols Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Christmas carols - Essay Example The word carol means dancing to something in a circular manner, and it originated from the Latin word ‘carula’ and French ‘carole’. Thus, carols are songs of joy and praise during sang celebrations such as the Christmas season. Christmas carols are important part of the Christmas celebration because they not only put people in the Christmas mood, but also tell the joyous stories surrounding the birth of Jesus Christ. Therefore, Christmas carols center on Christmas theme, or may not refer to Christmas specifically, but are associated with the holiday season, as they are sang during the period that immediately surrounds the Christmas holiday. This research paper explores Christmas carols from the origin, meaning, kinds, difference between past and present carols, and their impact on unity and identity of the people that practice the Christmas tradition. The first carols sung in Europe were surprisingly pagan songs instead of Christmas songs. The pagans sang the carols during the celebrations of the Winter Solstice while dancing round stone circles. Though the original carols involved both singing and dancing, only the singing part survived, as dancing is not common in the Christmas tradition of singing carols. However, early Christians took the solstice celebrations from the pagans and turned it into Christmas, and consequently, introduced Christian songs for people to sing during this period instead of the pagan songs. The first Christmas hymns appeared in Rome around 129AD when a Bishop introduced the ‘Angels Hymn’ to be sung at a Christmas service.1 Similarly, Comas of Jerusalem wrote another early Christmas Hymn for the Greek Orthodox Church in 760AD. Other pioneer Christmas hymns include Veni redemptor gentium and Corde natus ex Parentis, among others that focused on statements of incarnation regarding the theolog ical doctrine. Thus, followed a period in Europe when many composers wrote several popular Christmas carols. However, most of